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John Deere 1 As settlers in the United States moved westward plowing of the black prairie soils high in organic matter posed a special problem to the farmers who had cast-iron and iron-patched plows Wooden plows were no match for the sticky thick clay soils encountered by settlers of the Central Plains of Wisconsin Illinois and Indiana Even the iron plows invented by Charles Newbold of New Jersey in 1703 and by Jethro Wood of Massachusetts in 1819 caused the soil to bunch up in large sections rather than scour into neat furrows 235 WOI The ingenuity of John Deere resulted in a new kind of plow that was made entirely of steel except for the braces beam and handles A steel plow that could cut through the plains mud with the speed and efficiency demanded by the farmers The one-piece share and moldboard of his first steel plow was cut from a mill-saw blade and shaped over a wooden form This greatly improved implement not only made possible the effective plowing of the black prairie soils but also considerably lessened the animal power needed to turn the soil The story of John Deere who developed the worlds first commercially successful self-scouring steel plow closely parallels the settlement and development of the midwestern United States an area that the homesteaders of the 19th century considered the golden land of promise John Deere was born in Rutland Vermont February 7 1804 the third son of William Rimond and Sarah Deere His father was a native of England while his mother was born in Connecticut the daughter of a British army officer who John Deere 2 served though entire Revolutionary War and subsequently settled in Connecticut 193 Andersen John had the usual countrys boy experiences attending common school of his native town and acquiring an ordinary education At the age of seventeen he started to
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