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Word Count: 3,053
Ever since the fall of 1930 when the Spanish Revolution began there has been no surcease of the struggle in Spain For a long time there was a deadlock of forces an equilibrium in the tug of war between the property holders and the destitute Now the equilibrium is being definitely broken The issue before Spain is either Communism or Fascism The matter is being fought out not with ballots but with bullets and ruthless civil war Slowly the political revolution is being definitively turned into a social revolution From the very beginning the mass of workers of Spain both in the city and in the country were the decisive elements When the students rioted before the universities in 1930 it was only when the workers joined them with a vast general strike that the regime of the military dictator Primo de Rivera fell and the temporary regime of General Berenguer set up When General Berenguer tried to hold fake elections without extending the franchise to all it was another general strike that overthrew the regime compelled new elections forced the king to flee and established the republic in April 1931 At this point the Syndicalist and Anarchist workers began to miscalculate their forces Syndicalism and Anarchism in spite of their revolutionary phraseology were able only to overthrow the old regime and to allow the new democratic republic to be set up but these movements could not go forward to the positive constructive tasks of setting up the rule of the workers These antiquated movements were good enough to accomplish the negative and critical tasks of overthrowing an antiquated monarchy they did not know how to deal with a modern bourgeois republic In the course of the revolutionary movement there was set up what in fact amounts to a dual power the masses respecting the authority of the unions and the revolutionary organizations the government being forced at times to yield to the opinions of
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