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The Guaranty Buildingwas design by Louis Sullivan in collaboration withDankmar Adler and built in downtown buffalo new york in may 1965 louisSullivans architectural ornament was well expressed in the design ofGuaranty Building In this study I will focus on Guaranty Buildingalone with two essaysOrnament In Architecture and The TallOffice Building Artistically ConsideredGuaranty Building is the evidence of nature of Sullivans ornamentallanguage ObviouslyOrnament is one of most self-evident characteristicof the Guaranty BuildingThe entire surface of the building is decoratedby elaborate ornamental patternswhich made of terra cotta Figure1In his essay Ornament In ArchitectureSullivan address his natureof ornamental language He wrote Well feel intuitively that ourstrong athletic and simple forms will carry with natural ease theraiment of which we dream and that our buildings thus clad in a garmentof poetic imagery hid as it were in choice products of loom andminewill appeal with redoubled power like a sonorous melody overlaidwith harmonious voices He made an interesting comparison betweenbuilding and human being Building as human body desires garment tooverlay the structure formwe human dreams to have beautiful clothes andappearance to gather others attention In contrast withbuildingornamental system functions the same to building as clothes tohuman beingA well decorated building could attract more attention Inother words the exterior of building can lead peoples curiosity toenter and explore the interiorThere are subtle relationships between structural system and ornamentalsystem The guaranty building is steel frames which later covered byterra cotta cladding As consequence terra cotta became part of steelframes This strategy turns ornamental system as part of structuresystem and structure system as a support for ornamental system Bothstructure and ornament obviously benefit by this sympathyeach enhancingthe value of the otherOrnament in architectureOrnamental system andstructure system are not only interrelated to one another but alsoenhance each others value as well Take lower exterior columns of theGuaranty Building Figure twoas an example The exterior columns areinnovative forms comparing to The Classical Orders The capital expandsvertically and shafts is shorter and
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