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The Supreme Courts most highly regarded responsibility is to decide cases that raise questions of constitutional interpretation The Supreme Court has been mixed up with many legal and political scuffles concerning the proper balance of power between federal power and states rights Federalism has been an ongoing debate and how it should be dealt with has also been questioned Federalism is the uniting of separate states to allow for basic political honesty Often times it has been claimed that some interpretations of the Constitution by the Supreme Court Justices has caused states to be intruded by federal power Other times the interpretations of the Constitution have been used to benefit the state if and only if there has been a compelling interest to the state Certain situations and certain time periods may bring about a more loose or strict interpretation of the Constitution causing a different decision by the justices The Constitution was written at a specific time and things have changed since the initial writing of it Consistency is not a necessary condition to make judgments In the following statements and legal reasoning through three cases one will see how the balance of power between federal power and state rights is relevant with respect to social and political issues of that time frame and if the Supreme Court had the right to play the role they did One significant case was McCulloch v Maryland which took place in 1819 In 1816 the Federal government put into effect a charter for the Second Bank of the United States Maryland statute prohibited all banks not chartered by Maryland to issue bank notes unless they paid an annual tax of 15000 or a 500 fine for each note issued McCulloch chief officer of the bank in Maryland issued notes ignoring Maryland law The Maryland courts decided against him but after taking his case to the Supreme Court under the hands of Justice Marshall the Maryland law was
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