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Rubella Virus The name Rubella is derived from Latin meaning little red Rubella which was found in Germany was considered a mimic of measles or scarlet disease and was called third disease The Rubella virus also known as the German Measles was discovered in the 18th Century but was first isolated in 1962 by Parkman and Weller Rubella is classified as a togavirus genus Ribvirus Rubella is caused by a virus that is spread from person to person when a infected person coughs or sneezes Rubella is also spread by direct contact with the nasal or throat secretions of an infected person If a women who get Rubella during the first three months of pregnancy the fetus could get CRS Congenital Rubella SyndromCRS infects newborn babies Infections with Rubella virus can be disastrous in early gestation The virus may infect all organs and cause a variety of congenital defects Infection could lead to fetal death spontaneous abortion or premature delivery The severity of the effect of Rubella virus depend largely on the time of gestation While this may happen defects are rare when infection occurs after the 20th week of gestation Some of the affect of CRS are deafness cataracts heart defects microcephaly mental retardation bone alterations and liver and spleen damage Rubella infection may begin with one or two days of a mild fever99 to 100 degrees Fahrenheit and swollen tender lymph nodes usually on the back of the neck or behind the ears On the second or third day a rash appears that begins on the face and spreads downward As it spreads down the body it clears on the face The rash could look like many other viral viruses The rash can itch and last up to three days As the rash fades away the skin flakes in large patches Other symptom of Rubella which are common in adults and teenagers are headache loss of appetite mild conjunctivitis a stuffy or runny
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