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Word Count: 570
Intelligence is the ability to learn from experience to think rationally and to deal effectively with the environment Louis Thurstone believed with his Theory of Primary Mental Abilities that intelligence was comprised of nine distinctly different elements which he named as the primary mental abilities These nine primary mental abilities were visual and spatial ability the ability to picture shapes and spatial relationships perceptual speed the ability to understand perceptual information rapidly and to see the similarities and differences between stimuli numerical ability the ability to calculate and recall numbers verbal meaning knowledge of the meanings of words memory the ability to recall information such as words and sentences word fluency the ability to thin of words quickly for such tasks as rhyming or doing crossword puzzles deductive reasoning the ability to derive examples from general rules and inductive reasoning the ability to derive general rules from examples Howard Gardner with his Theory of Multiple Intelligences believed that there were seven different kinds of intelligences linguistic intelligence the ability to effectively employ words either orally or in writing logical-mathematical the ability to effectively employ numbers and to reason soundly visual-spatial intelligence the ability to perceive the visual-spatial world accurately and to perform transformations upon these perceptions body-kinesthetic intelligence the ability to use ones body in expressing ideas and feelings musical-rhythmic intelligence the ability to perceive discriminate judge transform and express forms of music interpersonal intelligence the ability to quickly grasp and evaluate the moods intentions motivations and feelings of other people and intrapersonal intelligence the ability to understand yourself and to act accordingly Thurstone believe that people could have higher aptitudes in some aspects of intelligence than others One may have an awesome numerical ability able to solve difficult calculus problems in minutes but have poor visual and spatial abilities In other words they cant draw for poop Gardner shares this view of Thurstone to a degree Where Thurstone believed that his
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