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Word Count: 749
There were number of factors that contributed to the development of Mafia from feudalism From the center of Sicily the mafia came into being from the feudal estates feudi At first the mafias purpose was to defend feudal privileges in the rural districts But the total lack of public authority and the absolute power of the lords which was delegated to henchmen whose only qualification was their talent for delinquency built up a tyranny based on violence and systematic exploitation For centuries the land under Phoenicians Greeks Carthaginians and Romans has bundled the land into estates known as latifundia These estates were distributed to the occupants or local notables who undertook to pay a contribution in kind and cultivated the land with the labor of local people forced into slavery or slaves imported from other districts In an economic essence the landowners owned all the land Farmhouses were built around the center of latifundia Store-houses were also built surrounding the dwellings of the owners trusted guards and of the slaves who were forced to live on the estate grounds The seasonal work of ploughing sowing and harvesting was performed by slaves This system was also unchanged under the domination of Goths Byzantines and Arabs Around 1000 AD the Normans drove out the Arabs and divided the region into seigniories distributing after the feudal pattern of France This system relatively matched with the latifundium and slave economy In fact the feudal regime was marked by the Sicilian barons famous renunciation of feudal rights in 1812 The feudal rights strong roots even survived the uprisings of the 1820 and 1848 The evidence can also be seen in the islands economic and at the time Garibaldis epic enterprise in 1860 p9 After the Norman period came the Swabian and BourbonThey established their power on the coast and reinforced it by distributing the lands in the interior of the island This land became the title feudi of new
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