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From Leninism to Stalinism A Logical Progression The question of whether or not Stalinism was a logical continuation of Leninism is a difficult one Stalinism did take significantly more drastic measures than Leninism did There were differences in policy But in spite of these Stalinism still found its basis in Leninism Even Trotsky a friend of Lenin and a staunch opponent of Stalin grudgingly admits that Stalinism did issue from Bolshevism Trotsky Stalins policy of socialism in one country his use of terror to eliminate opposition and his suppression of democracy and the soviets were all characteristics of Lenin well before they were characteristic of Stalin Although some of Stalins policies were different from those of Lenin what difference Stalinism did show from Leninism were either policies which Lenin had called for but never put into action or logical continuations of Lenins original principles but modified to suit the demands of the time One of Stalins main focuses was on the concept of socialism in one country - that is the focus on the betterment exclusively of his own country rather than on the international communist revolution Socialism in one country began with Lenin In 1918 Lenin signed the Treaty of Brest-Livtosk which pulled Russia out of WW1 and surrendered much of the Ukraine to Austria-Hungarian forces How Lenin Led to Stalin At this time there was a revolutionary movement in the Ukraine composed of peasants and workers known as the Makhnovist movement This group needed only the support of Lenin and Russia to launch their own socialist revolution However they were not given this support How Lenin Led to Stalin Clearly Lenins focus was on the well-being of Russia rather than the International Communist Movement He was focused on Socialism in One Country Lenins actions compromising his political ideals for the sake of peace would later be echoed by Stalin when Stalin signed a non-aggression pact with Adolf Hitler
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