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The United States Civil Rights Movement was about black Americans trying gain racial equality and to achieve full citizenship rights this was a social political and legal struggle for them The Civil Rights movement was a very big challenge to segregation Many things happened during the Civil Rights Movement individuals and organizations challenged segregation and discrimination which included protest marches and refusal to abide by segregation laws The movement began with the Montgomery bus boycott in 1955 and some believe it ended with the Voting Rights act of 1965 However I still believe it hasnt ended yet The movement has been called many things from the Black Freedom Movement and Negro Revolution to the Second Reconstruction There were three main tenets to the Civil Rights Movement the Post Civil War Period the Educational Period and the Social Movement Following the Civil War the 13th 14th and 15th amendments to the US Constitution were passed The 13th amendment made all blacks citizens free neither slavery nor involuntary servitude The 14th amendment protected them and 15th amendment gave them the right to vote Sharecropping was created after slavery was outlawed This tied the land to the sharecropper Sharecropping made blacks farm the land that was owned by whites 10-15 of the profit was given to the blacks the rest went to the landowner Landowners owned the General Stores that kept the blacks in debt when they purchased something on credit Jim Crow laws were made to enforce segregation and limit blacks rights The law was created because whites feared blacks would try to take over The Grandfather clause was included in the law The Grandfather clause was a law that said that if you had a grandfather was able to vote in 1864 you could vote but of course no blacks were able to vote at that time and poll taxes were also passed The right to vote came at a price you had to pay tax
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