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Word Count: 2,434
In his novel A Farewell to Arms Ernest Hemingway uses parataxis extensively With this structure Hemingway avoids making causal connections in his narration this is one of the most famous aspects of Hemingways writing But the unpredictability that the anti-causal nature of the narrative suggests is counteracted by another less apparent narrative tool of Hemingways The unpredictability is counteracted by the extensive repetition that Hemingway employs in the novel repetition that finally evinces a world that is somewhat knowable The central event in the novel is the war and Hemingway constructs the war to be defined by repeated actions Just as he constructs the whole war to be comprised of a couple of moves repeated ad infinitum Hemingway also designs the narrative so that it is defined by recurring events This begins with the characters actions as it corresponds to the war a war which forces them to complete the same social behavior over and over Hemingway extends this repetition so that it soon invisibly and quietly pervades all of the characters behavior even small private behavior Eventually even the words of the novel are seen to return frequently As Hemingway builds this world in which everything returns he builds a world in which even the reader is able to predict events dialogue and descriptions Hemingways technique is not overt and to see the technique it is necessary to closely analyze the actions of the characters that Hemingway designed with no haphazard at each level After a thorough exploration of Hemingways technique the reason that Hemingway creates this somewhat knowable world surfaces Hemingway presents war as a series of repeated actions from the first chapter The most noticeable action is the marching mentioned in the first paragraph when the narrator Frederick Henry remembers that Troops went by the house and down the road The marching of the troops is so ubiquitous that the narrator oddly makes reference to it twice in the next sentence We
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