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Shannon 12 22 99 Senior English Hour 7A The Use of the Witches in Macbeth One of Shakespeares most famous plays Macbeth includes examples of several literary techniques Two techniques he uses are foreshadowing and bringing supernatural elements into a story Like many writers Shakespeare uses characters to foreshadow The witches in Macbeth bring out the elements of foreshadowing and the supernatural Throughout the play readers can find the witches and their effects upon the story and the other characters When Macbeth begins the first characters on stage are the witches They immediately are used to set the tone of the play They speak of hurlyburly or turmoil and Macbeth which foreshadow the evil that is soon to follow When Macbeth meets these witches by accident he is hailed as the Thane of Glamis which he is but then they continue All hail Macbeth Hail to thee Thane of Cawdor and further All hail Macbeth that shalt be king hereafter This immediately foreshadows the path Macbeth will venture onto shortly The witches also proceed to tell Banquo he will not be king but his descendents will be By the next scene Macbeth is Thane of Cawdor Already this truth frightens Macbeth It also encourages him to pursue his dream of power and plot to kill King Duncan Macbeth with the help of his wife murders the King and takes the throne The witchs prediction has come true Macbeth grows uneasy and becomes threatened by the last part of the witchs predictions He sends murderers to hunt down Banquo and his son He succeeds in killing Banquo but is haunted by his ghost He fails to kill Banquos son So seeking guidance he returns to the witches who again advise him This time they have a new plan The witches have been consulted by their leader who scolded them for their actions with Macbeth She advises the witches to make Macbeth
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