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In order to explore the validity of utilitarianism Bernard Williams created the example of Jim and the Indians In this example Jim becomes lost while on a botanical expedition He happens upon a small South American town where he sees twenty Indians tied up against a wall A man informs him that the Indians engaged in several acts of protest against the government and are going to be killed to serve as an example to the rest of the villagers The man tells Jim that since he is a guest he can have the privilege of killing one of the Indians if he wishes If Jim does choose to kill one of the Indians the remaining nineteen will go free The Indians and some observers are begging Jim to kill one of the Indians At this point Jim has three options 1 Kill one of the Indians allowing for the lives of the other nineteen However Jim will have to live forever with the guilt of killing someone 2 Kill no one resulting in the deaths of all twenty Indians However Jim will not be directly responsible for murdering anyone 3 Act as though he is going to kill one Indian and then steal the mans gun fighting valiantly to save all of the Indians However Jim knows for certain that this attempt will be unsuccessful and probably result in his own death as well Williams 1973 Unfortunately none of these options seem particularly appealing Yet Jim is forced to make a decision I am going to attempt to guide Jim to the most virtuous decision by examining the merits of each choice through different philosophical approaches One way Jim could go about making this decision could be through using a utilitarian approach If this were so Jim would make the choice that would bring about the most overall happiness Seemingly this choice would be option number one which
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