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Almost every nation has been through an event or taken an action that has injured its international image and prestige an event in which it was universally and domestically embarrassed For America this was the Bay of Pigs Theodore Draper called it One of the most rare events in history- a perfect failure qtd in Kornbluh pg 2 Even president John F Kennedy described it as The worst experience of my life qtd in Korbluhpg3Few other military actions taken by the United States were as disastrously unsuccessful and humiliating Kornbluh pg2 When Fidel Castro gained power of Cuba in 1959 the US government became concerned There were rumors floating around that he was a communist This was a problem to the United States A potential Soviet ally 90 miles from American soil would not be tolerated The current government had to be eliminated If America was to do this it would have to be covert in its actions and US intervention could not be evident The answer to this came during the Eisenhower administration and was entitled Operation Zapata The program didnt come into effect until Eisenhower left office and was succeeded by John F Kennedy Though much of the tactics of the operation changed the main goals were conserved Kornbluh pg1 Both Eisenhower and Kennedy knew that it was dangerous for the US to be directly involved therefore the key to an invasion lied in the anti-revolutionary Cuban exiles that were determined to take down Castro The Cuban exile council would serve as cover for action which would became publicly known The CIA predicted that only an internal uprising would bring down Castro and they expected that a successful invasion by exiles would spark an uprising against the new regime After the CIA reached the objective of forming an exile group a training camp was set up in Guatemala to prepare for the invasion There the exiles went through rigorous
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