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In this paper Im going to focus on the themes and also do an analysis of the main characters in the book Im going to focus on the theme of the concept of illusion and reality and the nature of the characters and their impact and contribution to the play The main theme in Death of a Salesman is illusion versus reality Willy has lived his entire life in a world of illusions These illusions include Willys belief that being well-liked is the key to success as well as the literal illusions that Willy has of his past Originally Biff shared Willys illusions of success and greatness but by the end of the play he has become completely disillusioned Once Biff comes to fully understand his place in life he says to Willy Im a dime a dozen and so are you Willy however has lived too long in his dreams and cannot understand what Biff is trying to say If Willy had to face reality he would then be forced to examine the affair he had in Boston his philosophy and all of his illusions Instead he prefers to live in the past And now Biff who is trying to confront the truth about himself finds that he is completely unable to commuicate with his father Another theme of Death of a Salesman is the old order of agrarian pride and nobility versus the new order of industrialization In the beginning of the play Willy foreshadows this theme by criticizing the changes brought about by industrialization The street is lined with cars Theres not a breath of fresh air in the neighborhood It is this conflict between the old and new orders that brings about Willys downfall Willys father a pioneer inventor represents the traditional values and way of life
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