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De Stijl was the name of a magazine established in 1917 by the Dutch painter designer and writer Theo van Doesburg In Dutch the phrase De Stijl translates into The Style The style of art is called Neo- Platicism Those who were associated with De Stijl showed its distinctive style in their work which was rectangularity and the use of pure colour the absence of decoration a belief in abstraction and a humanism that rejected the natural for the man made The group included painters architects and sculptors such as Rietveld Oud van Eesteren Mondrain van der leck Huszar and Vantongerloo Many of those connected with De stijl met only briefly and some of the most significant artists like Rietveld and Mondrian never met at all The first issue of De Stijl was printed in October 1917 The title page was an interesting combination of bold layout and grotesque font contrasting with conventional typography This announced the start of a new influence in the world of art The first issue was a clear statement of the groups aesthetic intentions containing essays from Mondrian Bart van der leck Anthony Kok Oud and comments by the editor Theo van Doesburg on a van der leck painting of 1917 De stijl was a style that evolved and many changes took place between 1917 and 1931 when Theo van Doesburg died Theo van Doesburg was the driving force of De Stijl and edited the magazine himself Not many people could endure van doesburgs personality for too long and this often caused hostility in the group De Stilj was his idea so he liked to do things his way When he first exhibited his work in 1908 his paintings were realistic in the way of nineteenth century dutch tradition however in 1910 he started to develop a personal variation to fauvism In 1914 to 1916 van doesburg was called up for the First World War and served as a
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