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Word Count: 3,445
In Thus Spoke Zarathustra Nietzsche presents a work of therapeutic philosophy According to the books protagonist Zarathustra the whole world is suffering from a sickness By following the advice he expounds one can become cured In the section Of the Three Metamorphoses Zarathustra describes the various stages in mans recovery I name you three metamorphoses of the spirit how the spirit shall become a camel and the camel a lion and the lion at last a child p54 These metaphors describe the different potentialities in the transformation of the human consciousness arriving at a state of well being In this essay I will explain what according to Zarathustra this sickness of mankind is and explore how it can be cured through the Three Metamorphoses addressing the difficulties and proposed solutions of each stage I will also question whether at the end of the book Zarathustra has been able to follow his own teaching and metamorphose into a child An acute realisation of mans sickness is provided in the figure of the Ultimate Man The Ultimate Man represents the final degradation of the human being the most contemptible man p45 The Ultimate Man feels he has reached the goal of his existence a point past which there is no need to strive Consequently he can no longer despise himself and makes no attempt to improve Alas The time is coming when man will no more shoot the arrow of his longing out over mankind and the string of his bow will have forgotten how to twang p46 The Ultimate Men live lives of simple comfort unquestioningly following rules they are told to In doing so they presume they are happy We have discovered happiness say the Ultimate Men and blink p46 These people are significantly described in collective terms by Zarathustra as they are no longer individuals Instead they seek to live by teachings social conventions and morality The Ultimate Man accepts
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