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The Thirty Years War was a defining moment in the 17th century of Europe The dynastic ambitions of many countries resulted in war over certain land Religion also played a similar factor in the Thirty Years War When the war was being fought at first it began as a religious war but as it progressed it became more political The importance of religion was secondary to the dynasties will to control certain areas of Europe When the Peace of Augsburg was signed in 1555 it settled the disputes between the Lutherans and Catholics It said nothing about the practice of Calvinism The two Holy Roman emperors Matthias and Ferdinand II were determined to rid of Protestantism and to rule Germany In Bohemia the Hugenots Protestants rejected the idea of having a Habsburg as a king Frederick of Palatinate who was the Calvinist ruler in Bohemia went to war with the Habsburgs When two of the Kings governors came to visit Bohemia Protestant noblemen threw them out of a window This was known as the Defenestration of Prague In response to this Ferdinand of Habsburg soon to be elected Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II decided to take action against Frederick V Since both sides were convinced that they were fighting for a holy cause each leader began to gain some allies In the end however Bohemia was made Catholic and the Spanish took over Frederick of Palatinates land Another religious cause for fighting the war the Catholic Counter Reformation was making an impact on Germany Protestant Germans were worried about the influence of the Catholic Church on the Lutheran states Cardinal Richelieu wanted to defeat the Habsburgs He was sending diplomats everywhere to gain allies against the Habsburgs When Adolphus was attacking Germany Richelieu was negotiating with the German Catholic states He wanted to make them feel that if they cooperated that they would be fine as they were After Ferdinand had taken Bohemia he
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