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In Thomas Hobbes Leviathan theory of the state of nature serves as a justification legitimizing and arguing for the authority of the state by providing the logic behind sovereignty The theory illustrates the point that without government man is in Hobbes believes an awful state of nature where peace order and liberty are impossible It is difficult to interpret however exactly whether Hobbes posits a pessimistic or optimistic view of human nature To understand this view we must analysis his thought process from the state of man in nature to the state of man in the commonwealth His purpose in writing Leviathan and in describing mans state of nature should be seen as being an anti-anarchical aim that is his point was to try and communicate why people should obey the political authority of the sovereign in order to solve the problem of recurring disorder within society Hobbes asserts that life in the state of nature would be solitary poor nasty brutish and short This state is characterized as an existence of anarchy where man is in a constant state of brutal competition fuelled by the instinct of survival and Hobbes stresses due to an absence of a social contract and a central authority Without a government Hobbes believes man could not coexist peacefully in freedom using only his reason So that in the nature of man we find three principal causes of quarrel First Competition Secondly Diffidence Thirdly Glory Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes p185 This kind of state of nature among man would create a cycle of conflict without end The state of nature is an individualistic self-governing existence where everyone naturally rivals each other and mans primarily focus is on self-preservation Hobbes tries to comprehend the state of man in nature He concludes that man in a state of nature is equal because all people are equally dangerous and capable of killing one another Nature hath made man so equall
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