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House Arrest Home incarceration formed as a new topic in criminal justice to help prevent overcrowding in prisons Judges lawyers police agencies and other government officials are looking for ways to prevent overcrowding in Americas prison system Bad policies led to a great increase in arrests which in turn clogged up the courts and jails With more criminals coming in mass numbers the criminal justice department does not know where to place them This overpopulation leads to more criminals put on probation and released with minimal sentencing These factors decrease the effectiveness of our prison system as a deterrent Many policies have been tried and failed now home incarceration steps up to the task of helping our system Two types of home incarceration Community and Electronic Monitoring work by placing would-be prisoners in their homes with restrictions such as where and when the can leave The system has been proven to work efficiently and with low costs Community monitoring works with community volunteers who watch an individual and they conduct periodic checks with an individual Anytime the individual breaks his limitations he is reported to probation officers by the volunteer Electronic monitoring involves a mechanical bracelet being placed on a criminals ankle or wrist A signal is sent to a transmitter in the house from the bracelet The signal is broken whenever the criminal breaks the perimeters that he is confined to or when he is outside those perimeters past a designated time period Scott and Hirshi 1998 p152 Certainly these methods of imprisonment would help prevent overcrowding in prisons The house arrest system would be used for offenders that are not a harm to society For example drunk drivers or minors could be placed under this type of imprisonment as long as they have not committed major crimes in the past The punishment is enough to hopefully deter the offender from ever doing the crime again The advantages of using these measures
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