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Johannes Kepler was a German astronomer and natural philosopher noted for formulating and verifying the three laws of planetary motion These laws are now known as Keplers laws Johannes Kepler was born in Weil der Stadt in Swabia in southwest Germany From 1574 to 1576 Johannes lived with his grandparents in 1576 his parents moved to nearby Leonberg where Johannes entered the Latin school In 1584 he entered the Protestant seminary at Adelberg and in 1589 he began his university education at the Protestant university of Tbingen Here he studied theology and read widely He passed the MA examination in 1591 and continued his studies as a graduate student There he was influenced by a mathematics professor Michael Maestlin an adherent of the heliocentric theory of planetary motion first developed by the Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus Kepler accepted Copernican theory immediately believing that the simplicity of Copernican planetary ordering must have been Gods plan In 1594 Kepler accepted an appointment as professor of mathematics at the Protestant seminary in Graz in the Austrian province of Styria He was also appointed district mathematician and calendar maker For six years Kepler taught geometry Virgil arithmetic and rhetoric There he worked out a complex geometric hypothesis to account for distances between the planetary orbits-orbits that he mistakenly assumed were circular Kepler then proposed that the sun emits a force that diminishes inversely with distance and pushes the planets around in their orbits Kepler published his account in a thesis entitled Mysterium Cosmographicum Cosmographic Myste ry in 1596 This work is significant because it presented the first comprehensive and logical account of the geometrical advantages of Copernican theory Kepler held the chair of astronomy and mathematics at Graz University from 1594 until 1600 Because of his talent as a mathematician displayed in his thesis Kepler was invited by Tycho Brahe to Prague to become his assistant and calculate new orbits for the planets from Tychos observations Kepler moved
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