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What are mind states Dualism physicalism and functionalism all have distinct answers to this question Dualism argues that mind and body are two distinct identities and they cannot be reduced to each other Physicalists hold the views that mental states are identical to physical states Compared with functionalism and dualism functionalism may be viewed as a more neutral approach It proposes that mind states are probabilistic automation with inputs and outputs The nature of the state is that it can produce outs according to the inputs In this essay I would like to explain functionalism and its difference with dualism and type physicalism Then I will introduce Searles Chinese Room argument and compare it with functionalismFunctionalism is an argument that mental states are the states that poses a causal relationship between sensory inputs and outputs It is similar to the idea of a Turing machine a probabilistic automation For example bodily damage would cause C fiber firing and correspond to the state of being pain and produces some possible actions Also it is possible that functional states are realized through different physical states For example C fiber firing in humans and green goo in Martians correspond to the same state of being painAs a basis for functionalism Putnam proposes that the answer should be reductive in nature to be informative Therefore we can have some laws of psychology derived from functional states accounts Moreover it may actually explain the behavior of the accounts It is fairly clear that Putnams functionalism has a strong incentive to explain psychology and behaviors However such incentive is surely somewhat different from that of physicalists and dualistsIn contrast with Putnams functionalism phyiscalists attempts to understand the ontology of mental states They focus less on its implications on human behaviors As their methodological difference it is nor appropriate to decide which is right and which wrong as they may potentially compatible with each other However the difference is
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