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Word Count: 604
Total Physical Response also known as TPR is an approach designed anddeveloped by James Asher during the 70s This approach is based on atheory originated by B F Skinner which describes the learning of alanguage through imitation and practice Therefore the premise of TPRis the acquisition of the language by doing motor activities whichnormally pay attention to commands and instructionsIn this method listening comprehension and oral production arestressed during the learning process because of the amount of commandsand explanations that teacher gives nevertheless reading and writingtake place during classes as well TPR relies on the belief that the language in this case secondlanguage will be acquired in the same manner as the first one Hencethe same procedure of their native language will be followed again Thisimplies that the teacher should be obeyed by students in order tosuccessDuring classes the material is carefully chosen and presented due tothe fact of their first immersion in the language However in advancedlevels the materials can be more varied for example with highergrades pictures charts or presentations can be implementedTalking about the teaching process by applying TPR in classroomsclasses are taught in a dynamic way although they have to be carriedout in three stepsFirstly the teacher models and demonstrates the actions that studentsare asked to do In other words the teacher does the activity first sostudents can do it later without problems In this step the PhysicalResponse is shown by repeating the actionSecond the teacher instructs students but in this case he does not dothe action In this stage the understanding by students is vitalbecause the activity depends on their stored information If studentsare still having problems the teacher can use mimics as his lastresourceFinally in the last stage students participate and teacher supervisesthe activity While students are practicing what was asked teacher canevaluate their performances and decide whether if the information wasunderstood or was not When the activity is completed the teacher cangive feedback to studentsOnce the process
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