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There are tons of genetics mutations and some are rare and otherspopular A gene mutation is a permanent change in the sequence thatmakes up a gene DNA They can range in size from one DNA building blockto a large segment of a chromosome Gene mutations can happen in twoways and one is by being inherited from a parent and are or two beingobtained sometime in an individuals life One genetic mutation includesTrisomy 13 Syndrome that deals with chromosome 13 and happens in around1 out of every 10000 newborns MedlinePlus Trisomy 13 Syndrome isassociated with about 1 of all known miscarriages GeneticseduauTrisomy 13 is a rare chromosomal disorder that is also known as PatauSyndrome Root and Carey in their review of 396 liveborn infants withTrisomy 13 from five different survival studies stated that about 55to 65 of newborns with Trisomy 18 die in the first week of life and90 have died by 6 months of age About 5 to 10 of infants are aliveat 1 year Trisomy 13 and also Trisomy 18 Down syndrome are more commonin the first and second trimesters than at term due to high rates ofspontaneous loss DNA sequencing of maternal plasma reliably identifiestrisomy 18 and trisomy 13 as well as Down syndrome an internationalcollaborative study 2012 Studies have suggested that most childrenwith Trisomy 13 who survive the first year of life function between a 6to 12 month old level of development Matthews ChromosomalAbnormalities Trisomy 18 Trisomy 13 Deletions and MicrodeletionsThis disorder causes deformities and abnormalities in infants orchildren Matthews Chromosomal Abnormalities Trisomy 18 Trisomy 13Deletions and Microdeletions This chromosomal disorder creates manydeformities and abnormalities include developmental delays mentalretardation small eyes abnormal groove in the upper lip which is cleftlip roof of mouth has partial closure which is cleft palate testes notdescended in males extra fingers and toes small head with a slopingforehead with a wide flat nose and far apart eyes skin folds coveringthe eyes scalp defects and misshaped low-set ears
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