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The mid 19th century is called the Age of Jackson because it was as revolutionary as its namesake Andrew Jackson seventh United States president and developer of the Democratic Party The Jacksonian Period was an era of change The Industrial Revolution of the century began taking its toll on the US Since the average man was a laborer people began to move to cities These growing cities became centers of filth and poverty while small agricultural regions began to decline The Transportation Revolution connected the continent with a web of railroads allowing the migration westward and boosting the economy The invention of the cotton gin impacted southern agriculture by speeding up the harvest of cotton and in turn revamped slavery in the south People began distrusting industry and the capitalist way of life Some people turned to religion for the answers others to reform movements Reformers fought for causes spanning from improved conditions and wages for laborers to temperance Throughout this period however two social reforms stood out among the rest Since the beginning of the United States the abolition of slavery had been an issue Although slavery was not directly discussed in it the Constitution laid out the first guidelines The document put a cap on the trade of slaves from Africa creating a gradual end by 1808 Abolition laws were passed in all of the northern states but it remained in the South which depended on slave labor for their economy During the early 19th century the idea of gradual emancipation of slaves and their relocation to Africa became popular This was the goal of the American Colonization Society In the 1830s many abolitionists began to voice their opinion that the only solution was complete abolishment The abolition movement in the United States was further amplified when England abolished slavery in its territories The abolitionist movement came to a head with the Civil War after which slavery ended In the
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