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Natural law theory holds that the concept which we have come to understand as law is significantly reflective of the moral judgments and standards that are exercised in society Law according to natural law theory is simply a mirrored reflection of a societal natural moral order It is a philosophy that embraces overall goodness and equality but that rejects the mere mention of evil It requires that a law be implemented while respecting the fundamental rights of all its citizens and at the same time promotes a common good Naturalism holds that human practices and institutions are to be measured against these higher standards and where they fall short of the mark specific human arrangements whether statutes executive orders or constitutions fail fully to have the character of law Adams p19 Moreover according to St Thomas Aquinas natural law theory involves the notion of practical law He argues that natural and practical law are intertwined in so much that they seek to accomplish an understanding and appreciation of what society should value what society should seek out in life and the proper means by which to fulfill these goals In essence Aquinas contended that good is to be done and evil avoided Adams p23 An example of natural law as Aquinas notes would be the returning of a borrowed item to its rightful owner This under the eyes of natural law is viewed as a morally sound and necessitated gesture It is the right thing to do Natural law thus places a great deal of emphasis on the concepts of morality and law such as to suggest that an immoral law is not a law at allLegal realism on the other hand signifies a much more distinct quality when compared against the backdrop of natural law theory Legal realism purposely failed to subscribe to the arguments posed by natural law claiming that the theory was far too obscure and vague to hold any significant
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