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Word Count: 1,283
The code of Hammurabi was one of the most important documents in Babylon history It was adopted from many Sumerian customs that had been around for a while before the Babylonians Though many of the Laws were adopted from Sumeria they were published by Hammurabi and thus known as the code of Hammurabi This code had four main parts to it They were Civil Laws Commercial Laws Penal Laws and the Law of procedures The Civil Law was an important one to the people It set up a social class system based on a hierarchy based on wealth The Babylonians had three classes according to the code They were the freeman or wealthy people the semi- freeman who were able to become slaves at any time and the slaves who were of course the lowest class The next section in the code was the Commercial Law This had to do with business transactions and most things relating to business It set up 20 interest rates There was a political economy based on economic status The wealthy classes were the creditors and the poorer class was the debtors After the Commercial Law came the Penal Law This had to do with the issue of crime The laws were unusually harsh do to their ineducation Despite this the wealthy class usually enjoyed more freedom from the law than the lower classes There was no jury in the court back in the times of Babylon The code of Hammurabi was like an eye for an eye punishment If you killed someone than you would be killed The last law was the Law of Procedures This dealt with the way all of the other laws were carried out It also had to do with the way ceremonies were carried out These ceremonies could include marriage and other religious ceremony The first group of people to take over the Mesopotamia region was the Akkadians They took over around 200 BC
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