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Fourth Amendment In the late 1700s the fourth Amendment was written because of strong objections to the Writs of Assistance or general warrants The Writs Assistance gave officials the right to enter any home and seize belongings without a reasonable cause The fourth amendment was ratified in the Bill of Rights on December 15 1771 This amendment protects the peoples right to privacy and security The Fourth Amendment states The right of the people to be secure in their persons houses papers and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures shall not be violated and no warrants shall issue but upon probable cause supported by Oath or affirmation and particularly describing the place to be searched and the persons or things to be seized In the court case of Katz v United States it was said that the 4th Amendment protects the people and not certain areas against search and seizure Katz v US Without this amendment people would have no claim over their personal privacy or security Any officer could enter homes and take any evidence that could be used to make an arrest or that could be used for prosecution in court In order for police or any other higher authority to search and seize evidence from a suspect legally it is required that a judge must grant a search warrant The warrant authorizes the officer to seize particularly described items and to bring them before the court that issued the warrant In common law search warrants were used mainly to discover stolen property In modern law they have a variety of items including intoxicating liquors gambling implements counterfeiters tools burglars tools smuggled goods obscene literature narcotics illegal firearms and any article the possession of which is a crime or which may be used in evidence The warrant must specify the place where the search is to be made and the property to be seized An officer cannot get a warrant from
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