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Mills Utilitarianism Sacrifice the innocent for the common goodWhen faced with a moral dilemma utilitarianism identifies theappropriate considerations but offers no realistic way to gather thenecessary information to make the required calculations This lack ofinformation is a problem both in evaluating the welfare issues and inevaluating the consequentialist issues which utilitarianism requires beweighed when making moral decisions Utilitarianism attempts to solveboth of these difficulties by appealing to experience however nomethod of reconciling an individual decision with the rules ofexperience is suggested and no relative weights are assigned to thevarious considerationsIn deciding whether or not to torture a terrorist who has planted abomb in New York City a utilitarian must evaluate both the overallwelfare of the people involved or effected by the action taken and theconsequences of the action taken To calculate the welfare of the peopleinvolved in or effected by an action utilitarianism requires that allindividuals be considered equally Quantitative utilitarians would weigh the pleasure and pain which wouldbe caused by the bomb exploding against the pleasure and pain that wouldbe caused by torturing the terrorist Then the amounts would be summedand compared The problem with this method is that it is impossible toknow beforehand how much pain would be caused by the bomb exploding orhow much pain would be caused by the torture Utilitarianism offers nopractical way to make the interpersonal comparison of utility necessaryto compare the pains In the case of the bomb exploding it at leastseems highly probable that a greater amount of pain would be caused atleast in the present by the bomb exploding This probability sufficesfor a quantitative utilitarian but it does not account for theconsequences which create an entirely different problem which will bediscussed below The probability also does not hold for MillsutilitarianismMills Utilitarianism insists on qualitative utilitarianism whichrequires that one consider not only the amount of pain or pleasure butalso the quality of such pain and pleasure Mill suggests that todistinguish between different pains and pleasures we should
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