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CHALLENGES FACING URBAN TRANSPORT IN ASIA Abstract- One of the greatest challenges facing the new millennium is to effect a well integrated and environmentally acceptable solution for urban transportation In spite of many decades of studies involving research and experiments success has often been elusive and more importantly there is still a lack of consensus of what constitutes an acceptable integrated transport policy within the urban fabric The paper analyses the global trend towards urbanisation and demonstrates that while there are megacites throughout the worldthere is a concentration of them in the Asian region and that the region needs to devise ways of dealing with the problemSince a majority of the cities in Asia are still developing the rapid urbanisation of these cities has posed serious problems before the city managers and administrators in the field of housing infra-structure social amenities and transportTransportation is crucial for the economic growth of the regionUrban mobility is a basic recquirment of urban economyAs a result of this urban transport is getting more and more importance with the passage of timeThe paper looks at the scale of the problem facing urban transport planners and service operators in keeping the cities moving so that urban productivity is not affected A number of measures are needed in the Short Term in a coordinated manner in areas such as road pricing fiscal constraints computerised traffic control systems various traffic control measures strict enforcement of traffic laws operational and pricing improvementsSome of the other short term measures are making fuels costly subsidising public transportAlso regulating on-street parking and levying proper parking charges can be adopted as effective short term measures Long Term mearures include improved land use planning encouragement of distributedurban land development and investment in mass transit systems The paper concludes that the region needs to find indigenous solutions to these problemsA balanced series of measures proposed would keep the cities at the forefront of
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