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QUESTION One criticism of Utilitarianism is that it fails to safeguard individual rights Explain the basis of this charge Construct an example of your own showing either that this charge is sound or not Does the problem undermine the theory altogether or does the charge make too much of rights Utilitarianism is the idea that everyone should act in a way to produce the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people The goal is to maximize pleasure and minimize pain The general idea of utilitarianism is positive and leads to a common favorable goal for society happiness however there are flaws evident in the doctrine One negative quality of utilitarianism is that it fails to protect individual rights Utilitarianism aims at maximizing utility even if it means disregarding human rights Utilitarianism does indeed fail to safeguard individual rights and therefore violates a persons freedom I will explain how utilitarianism fails to protect human rights when utilitarians violate rights why rights are neglected and if the failure to safeguard individual rights undermines the theory altogetherBenthams view of utilitarianism promotes obtaining happiness by all means John Stuart Mill adopted a new view that suggested those only are happy who have their minds fixed on some object other than their own happiness Page 86 Mill believes that true happiness isnt happiness for the self but the concern of happiness of others and the love of other things besides the self Mill states that if we want to bring happiness to the greatest number of people we as a society must not act in interest of ourselves but in the interest of others If an individual won the lottery worth 10 million Canadian dollars Mill and utilitarians strongly advise that the individual give all or most of hisher money away so multiple people will be happy and not only himher The individual has the right to keep their money but utilitarians would look down upon this Giving
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