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Word Count: 532
Utilitarianism is the principle idea for the greatest happiness for the greatest numbers In other words maximize the pleasure while minimizing the pain One such philosopher and believer of Utilitarianism is Jeremy Bentham who lived from 1748 until 1832 He believed that there should be a moral system and that it should do two things One provide an account of what motivates people to act and two that this account must justify actions on the basis for motivation not pure reason He felt that pleasure and pain are mans to greatest motivators He wanted to design a scale that could measure this pleasure and pain factor but which was quite impossible to do He said that in order to attempt to make this sort of scale you must measure separate things In order to measure these for an individual you must look at intesity duration certainty and distance As for a group you must look at intensity direction certainty distance fecundity and purity By looking at all these things and weighing them all out or looking to see which one has more good things you can therefore make it so the greatest number of people have the greatest amount of happiness Following up Bentham was John Stuart Mill born in 1806 and lived until 1873 Mill agreed that the importance was to minimize pain while maximizing pleasure but some things he felt were different He felt that on Benthams scale some acts were and should be looked at as being better and more stronger on the part of a groups entire happiness Mill also felt that there were two types of utilitarianism act and rule The first act utilitarianism deals with what the outcome of a certain act will be The second rule utilitarianism deals with using utilitarianism in order to come up with rules that can then be used to mans benefit in society For this he felt there were two major parts One
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