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With his views of societies social change and critique of capitalism Karl Marx established new theories about quality of life and mans role in the political and social agenda Because his writings bared new and plausible conclusions many modern thinkers humanists and moralists quickly embraced his theories commonly called classical Marxism Others also offered revisions of these theories in an attempt to adapt them to their relative countrys situation Two such revisionists are Lenin and Gramsci Both reformers although having very different views about the Marxist theory of politics adapt revised Marxist theories to their respective countries in an attempt to both help bring about a proletariat revolution and reply to those who believed that the persistence and growth of Capitalism had rendered Marxism useless Lenin a Russian leader of the Bolshevik revolution argues that change could only come about through complete revolution His primary problematic was very different from that of Karl Marxs While Marx was concerned with capitalism and transcending it Lenin was concerned with developing an effective political mechanism for overthrowing the czarist form if power More generally Lenin wanted a strategy for political organizing that would lead to revolutionary change in Russia Given this problematic Lenin used Marxs theory as a guide to overcoming his problematic The dilemma however was that the principles of classical Marxism simply did not fit the Russian situation that Lenin was facing as Lenin was aware Despite the fact that Lenin knew that classical Marxism did not fit the Russian situation and more specifically that early 20th century Russia was completely different from the type of industrial capitalist society that Marx had based his theory on Lenin was determined to see revolution occur in Russia and he had already committed himself to Marxist socialism as a framework Lenin was well aware of the fact that in Marxs theory of revolution the proletariat class was the mechanism for promoting socialism In Russia however the
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