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The concept of the welfare state has entered the arena of political thought during the 1940s implying not only the provision of social services but also the state engagement with the general welfare of the whole community The development of this new phenomenon which can be considered as a peculiar product of Western industrialized societies establishing similar scopes and objectives has been frequently questioned with respect to its ability to level inequality and abolish poverty This essay will sustain how although the rising of the welfare state in the nineteenth century has had an undeniable positive impact on the conditions of the working class the implementation of welfare policies cannot be considered a total victory for the working class as they are determined by the choices of a political class in which common labourers are underrepresented While in the first paragraph authors such as Thomas Marshall and Gunnar Myrdal believethat the welfare state is a natural product of developed capitalist societies and that it comprises a victory as it allows the working class to acquire social rightsthe second part will explain how Karl Polanyi undermines the victorious character of the welfare state as heargues how it is composed of a non-commodified support systemwhich is necessary to control a society of fictitious commodities and serves the interests of the capitalist class Furthermorein the third paragraph GstaEsping-Andersen analysisof the power ofdecommodification given by non-commodifiedstate institution astracing the path for the achievement of a total victory for the working class within the welfare statewill be contested by Claus Offe whichrecognizes the contradictions present within commodification of the market and the decommodification of state institutions describing how the latter is completely dependent on the interests of the capitalist economy As a result of the evident impact of welfare policies in the amelioration of the condition of society the welfare state has been interpreted as demonstrating a victorious achievement for the working class The British sociologist Thomas Marshall 1949 identifies
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