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A successful monarchy relies upon a stable leader who is concerned with the satisfaction of those he rules Henry Bolingbroke in Shakespeares Richard II follows a trend set by his predecessor Richard IIs self-indulgence and neglect of his kingdom These leaders worry about the possibility of losing their kingdom or their soldiers to other nobles whose priorities were with solidifying and maintaining a position of power rather than governing Kant says in The origin descent of man that people need to be governed by a leader who strives justly to maintain equal justice but that there will be corruption amongst the leaders because self-interest eventually arises since the leaders are human and all humans have the same natural tendencies to abuse their freedom Clearly it is evident that Shakespeares Richard II is in line with Kants belief In Richard II wars once fought for expansion and for the citizens protection are overshadowed by personal battles and deceptive measures for the position of kingIn Shakespeares view in Richard II it is evident that Richard seized the throne by manipulation after his uncle died he knew the kingdom rightfully belonged to his cousin Henry Bolingbroke However Richard was Machiavellian and could not entertain remorse that would alter his ambition and success On proclaiming sovereignty Richard II indulged in extravagant waste and did not chose counselors who opposed him and he distanced his activities from his country and its common people In order to have a society with justice and order the leader has to be free from corruption and think in regards to what is best for the people in a collective sense Kant p180 Conversely Richard is not adhering to the oath he took as sovereign on proclaiming sovereignty to the nation Kants philosophy is relevant to this statue in place for rulers as Kant states The highest master should be just in himself and yet a man p180 Plainly in Shakespeares writing Richard II neither
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