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In 2012 Julian Assange and fellow workers of WikiLeaks decrypt sensitive military video which revealed a 2007 incident in which an American Apache military helicopter fired on two innocent US citizens in Iraq This was a first big fruit of Assanges year project on releasing confidential information and shortly after disclosing the decrypted video of military attack the group of WikiLeaks published thousands of classified information of not only the United States but many other countries of the world on their website The United States government alarmed that this massive disclosure was pursued by military personnel Brad Manning Hester 2011 p187-188 Brad Manning was punished as violation of Espionage Act of 1917 which criminalizes or prohibits dissemination by those with or without lawful possession and access to the information This broadly imposes criminal sanctions on disclosure but it is limited in its application by First Amendment protections for free speech and a free press unless there are clear and present dangers Fenster 2012 p787 Unlike straight punishment of Brad manning there are many controversies regarding to the punishment of the WikiLeaks as they have released classified information of each nation without permission Some scholars discuss about legitimacy of punishing WikiLeaks as it is considered as media press Kenneth L Wainstein is not one of them he argues the purpose of WikiLeaks is considerably different from ordinary public media Wainstein 2010 p 41-47 Unlike other papers Wainstein clearly explains in which aspects WikiLeaks possesses different characteristics from other public media He argues that WikiLeaks is different from public media in three aspects the purpose of establishment contents and relevance WikiLeaks exists solely on disclosing official secret information while the media is generally dedicated to deliver diverse information to public The media screen or proof-read the contents beforehand to decide whether the news is beneficial or critical to citizens whereas the WikiLeaks specifically focuses on disseminating sensitive classified information The relevance of information that the WikiLeaks is
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