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Engineering is generally thought of in terms of people working with trains mechanical operations or different types of construction When one hears the word engineer the term isusually associated with a mechanical engineer or a civil engineer However there is a specific type of engineering that is not directly affiliated with mechanics Genetic engineering is a completely separate field in biology Genetic engineering has not been around for very long As stated in an article from Philadelphia Inquirer since the mid 1900s many scientists have been attempting to create living beings from non-functioning parts Flam Expanding on this genetic engineers try to create new organisms by using genes from different living structures and altering them to become more useful Genetic engineering is a biological field that uses gene-alternating ways within plants animals and humans however there are positive and negative aspects to genetic altering in all three of theses casesGenetic engineering is a long complicated process that has advanced abundantly over the past forty years Some of the first methods used in genetic engineering came from the ideas of American geneticists As Irwin Rubenstein a professor of Plant Biology at the University of Minnesota writesthat genetic engineering refers to the process of altering one or more genes of an organism Rubenstein Goingfurther the genes in an organism can be changed rearranged and new genes can replace old genes in an organism According to experts genes are a part of what is called chromosomes Chromosomes are small threadlike configurations and eachchromosome accommodates a chemical known as DNA deoxyribonucleic acid Thousands of genes are located on each strand of DNA DNA contains information that decides the different heredity traits of an organism DNA is in the shape of a double helix also known as a twisted ladder Each step of the ladder contains four different chemical bases To form one step two bases have to become a pair and come together Each pair of chemical bases that
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