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Sleep is the state or process in which many of the physiologicalprocesses are restored in order for proper functioning and consolidationof memory When the sleeping pattern is disrupted the mood attentionand behavior can have drastic changes Pathological disorders areusually linked to sleepiness and chronic disruption of sleep Narcolepsyis a condition in which the person affected has a sleep-wake cycle thatis not regular over long time durations In the InternationalClassification of Sleep Disorders it was listed among other 88 sleepdisorders documented by the American Academy of sleep Medicine and sleepdisorders The sleep disorders affect 700 million Americans NationalInstitute of Neurological Disorders and StrokeNarcolepsy presents 4 classic symptoms EDS Excessive DailySleepiness cataplexy muscle tone reduction sleep paralysis andhypnagogic hallucinations These are hallucinations occurring shortlyafter sleep EDS is the most common symptom in the patients withnarcolepsy and all patients with narcolepsy exhibit these symptoms 70of the patients with narcolepsy exhibit cataplexy Sleep paralysis isexhibited in 30-50 of the patients suffering from narcolepsy whilehypnagogic hallucinations are less frequent and are accounted in 20-40of the narcoleptic patientsThe National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke putsnarcolepsy as the third most frequent sleep disorder diagnosed amongpatients at sleep clinics The first two spots were allocated toobstructive sleep apnea and the restless legs syndrome The occurrenceof narcolepsy is common in all racial and ethnic groups although therates of prevalence rates are different The prevalence in USA isestimated to be 1 in every 2000 people National Institute ofNeurological Disorders and Stroke In Japan this figure is expected tobe a bit higher at 1 per 600 populations due to the work ethics andcompetitions The etiology for narcolepsy is not clear however the symptoms manifestafter infection immune system dysfunction hormonal changes and traumaor stress The risk is also higher in cases where there is familial riskand 10 of the patients diagnosed with both cataplexy and narcolepsy cantrace it back in their familial lineage The fact that one is obese canalso contribute to the occurrence of the
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