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Word Count: 1,124
A revolution can be defined as an extensive or drastic change in conditions Although from contrasting times and perspectives two authors who encounter the topic of revolution in their writings are Karl Marx and Thomas Kuhn In The Structure of scientific Revolutions Kuhn discusses a wide range of changes in the scientific understandings of nature while in The 18th Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte Marx focuses on the French Revolution of 1848 At first glance it may seem that scientific and political revolutions have little in common but upon closer examination it is revealed that these two different types of revolutions share numerous characteristics In fact it can be concluded that Marxs theory of political revolution confirms Kuhns theory of scientific revolution In his writing Marx explains his ideas on revolution to the background of the French Revolution of 1848 According to Marx history plays the key role in revolutions He demonstrates this belief when he states And just when they seemed engaged in revolutionizing themselves and things in creating something that has never existed precisely in such periods of revolutionary crisis they anxiously conjure up the spirits of the past to their service and borrow from them names battle cries and costumes in order to present the new scene of world history in this time-honoured disguise and this borrowed language Marx 300 In this passage Marx is attempting to say that even though people think that they are creating something new during a revolution they are merely rehashing or borrowing ideas from the past Similarly the past plays an integral part in Thomas Kuhns writings on scientific revolutions The first subject that Kuhn brings up in his work is the concept of normal science He remarks normal science means research firmly based upon one or more past scientific achievements that some particular scientific community acknowledges for a time as supplying the foundation for its further practice Kuhn 10 In addition when a paradigm
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