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What purpose is served by dominant media crime reportsThis essay will explore the purpose served by dominant media crime reports To this end it will consider the arguments of Hall 1978 Policing the Crisis Wilcox 2005 Beauty and the beast gendered and raced discourse in the news Cohen 1972 in Folk Devils and Moral Panics and Young 1990 It is argued that media representation of crimes include attempts to fix the signifiers of race gender age and class Crime is reported in a mediated way which shapes and influences popular opinion in order to maintain the dominant ideologies Therefore this essay will also look at both the functionalist and conflict arguments From the functionalist perspective setting social norms benefits the whole society Whereas the conflict Neo-Marxist theory argues that it is the elite who benefits from media crime reports and the entire construction of society is determined by them This essay argues that the mass media helps us to define what we think about what we see as problems and the solutions that we consider Cavendar 2004 336 Therefore it is suggested that media actively shape peoples views of social life Marsh and Melville 2008 suggests that this is done by reporting and providing only certain types of information and also by subjectively framing issues in the way that leads the public to adopt particular beliefs Mediated ideas come to us through the mass media which reinforces our ideological views and the opinion of what is consider moral or evil The media do this by creating moral panics and fear of crime Cohen 1972 Hall et al 1978 Fear is created through the use of headlines images and connotations Cohen 1972 argues that the public have been manipulated through the medias mis-information and miss-representation which he describes as the process of folk devils This reinforces the idea that they are people or community who are threats to society and who we must fear Goodey 2005
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