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Why did Lincoln issue the Emancipation Proclamation in January 1863 and what were its consequences When Abraham Lincoln declared the emancipation proclamation on 22nd September 1862 he was putting his neck on the line in a desperate attempt to clinch a swift victory in the civil war The cons seemed to far outweigh the pros and consequently it was essential Lincoln got his timing right he had to persuade people that emancipation was the way the war needed to go It was important that he was not seen to go deliberately against his election promise not to abolish slavery and he did not want to repel the prosperous Border States who still supported the union but upheld slavery He was worried he may add weight to the anti-war movement in the North wanting to let the South secede but he thought that this extra boost would add strength to the Union war effort so he went ahead with it During his election campaign and throughout the early years of the Civil War Lincoln vehemently denied the rumour that he would mount an attack on slavery At the outbreak of war he pledged to restore the Union but to accept slavery where it existed and was supported in this line by congress However during 1862 Lincoln was persuaded for a number of reasons that the emancipation of the slaves in the south as a war measure was both essential and sound Public opinion seemed to be going that way slaves were helping the Southern war effort and a string of defeats had left Northern morale low A new moral boost to the cause might give weary Union soldiers added impetus in the fight Furthermore if the Union fought against slavery Britain and France could not possibly support the South since the institution of slavery was now largely abhorred in both European nations Having eased the American public into the idea through speeches that hinted at
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