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Word Count: 512
Madisons demand was interpreted as a prelude to war The embargo was passed promptly by Congress and it expired on June 1 On that date no satisfactory solution having been offered Madison addressed his war message to Congress He told Congress that our commerce has been plundered in every sea that Britain was intent on destroying American commerce not as supplying the wants of her enemies which she herself supplies but as interfering with the monopoly which she covets for her own commerce and navigation Madison also made an allusion to British participation in recent Native American uprisings and to other injuries and indignities heaped on our country He also condemned the hostile acts of France but recommended that action on these be postponed for the moment Madison concluded We behold on the side of Britain a state of war against the United States and on the side of the United States a state of peace toward Britain He asked Congress to decide whether the United States should remain at peace under these circumstances as a solemn question which the Constitution wisely confides to the legislative department of the government On June 18 Madison signed a declaration of war passed by both houses of Congress Ironically and unknown to Madison Britain had in fact revoked its restrictions on American shipping on June 16 The action had come after Frances public repeal of its decrees restricting American trade which had supposedly been effected more than a year before When the long-anticipated war with Britain came the United States was ill prepared Madisons warning to put the nation into an armour had not been heeded The president did not possess the qualities necessary for organizing an effective war machine and he did not quickly enough find those who did His attempts to take a personal role in conducting the affairs of the War and Navy departments led only to ridicule Madisons efforts were also hampered
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