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Word Count: 564
Water has many properties Some of these properties are cohesionadhesion temperature and specific heat Also water is known as theuniversal solvent because it dissolves many things Some substances likeoil are hydrophobic Since water is such a universal solvent that makesit essential to all living things To begin one of waters many unique properties is cohesion Cohesionis the resisting of rupturing when stretched One thing you can do toshow this is put drops of water on a penny until all the water spillsover Another example of this is when a little animal walks acrosswater A lizard for example is capable of this because the body weightis to light to rupture and go through the waters cells making thiswalking on water situation possible Something total different is calledadhesion Adhesion is the force of attraction between unlike moleculesThis causes molecules to push away from each other and you get theopposite effect of cohesionIn continuation water has a very high specific heat This means thatit takes a very extreme temperature for water to change its state Ittakes at the very least 212 for water to boil For example have youever tried to boil water Have you ever noticed how that process takeswhat seems like forever This is because of waters high specific heatAlso it takes a specific heat of 32-0 to freeze water When you freezewater to try and make ice cubes the same chemical changes arehappening So as you can see it takes very extreme specific temperaturesto change the state of waterSince water is a universal solvent it is used to dissolve many thingsSome of the substances that water tries to dissolve are hydrophobicThis means that they are water-dreading On the contrary most arehydrophilic This means water-loving An example of hydrophobic is oilwhen the oil molecules are mixed with the water molecules the oil justsits on top and does not mix with the water On the other handsubstances like salt and sugar are most definitely hydrophilic this isbecause
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