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Word Count: 318
The 19th Amendment In 1920 the adoption of the 19th Amendment gave women the right to vote When the Constitution was adopted in 1789 the right to vote or suffrage was restricted to certain groups of people Among this group were men those who were wealthy or owned property and Caucasians The womens suffrage movement began in 1848 with a convention in New York The Seneca Falls convention was called by two women Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott Stanton was later president of two prominent suffrage organizations the National Women Suffrage Association and the National American Woman Suffrage Association A Declaration of Sentiments similar to the Declaration of Independence was introduced at the suffrage convention Suffrage for women had many opponents mostly men The men believed that women could not represent themselves as well as their husbands because they were thought to be less intelligent Some also believed that it would destroy family life Support for suffrage really took off after the 15th Amendment which allowed blacks to vote was adopted In 1872 Susan B Anthony and several other women were arrested for voting in the presidential election Anthony attracted national attention at her trial with a moving speech which ending with her famous quote Resistance to tyranny is obedience to God By the next century new more conservative leaders like Carry Catt and Maud Park found support from middle class women They lobbied congress and used marches pickets and protests to gain more support Some suffragettes went so far as to stage hunger strikes Others purposefully got arrested and sent to jail By 1918 the suffragettes had gained the support of President Woodrow Wilson The House of Representatives and Senate soon followed As the thirty-sixth state to pass the amendment Tennessee became the state that finally attained the three quarter requirement necessary for ratification Finally after 72 years of fighting for voting rights the 19th Amendment was ratified on August
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