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Y2K Bug People may not be celebrating the turn of the New Year come the Year 2000 due to the Millennium Bug This bug has become the biggest problem facing governments businesses and other organizations who depend on computers Hestnes 1997 Many questions underlie the Y2K bug problem These questions include what is the problem what caused the problem what types of systems will be affected can the problem be fixed what can the people do to prepare what is the estimated cost to fix the problem and what is the current status worldwide The Year 2000 computer problem or the Y2K bug as it is called involves computers not recognizing the Year 2000 as valid information The reason for this is because computer programs store the date in only two digits For example 1998 is stored as 98 and the Year 2000 being stored as 00 This means that a computer will think that the Year 2000 occurred before the year 1999 Computers will read 2000 as 1900 which will cause them not to process date information correctly The problem affects computer applications and operating systems computer hardware as well as many other systems that use computer technology Tippins 1998 The cause of the problem dates back to the 1960s when computers were at a premium Memory and hard drive space was expensive so in order to conserve space programmers shortened the date field to two digits The reason for this is due to money The cost of storing two bytes of extra data would have cost more than people were willing to pay Due to this creation millions of programs computers and other systems will not function when it reads the date of 112000 Tippins 1998 The types of systems that will be affected due to the bug include everything that has been designed over the last 30 years and that has not yet been updated The bug will affect many things that
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