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Given that the 19th century was the century of Socialism of Liberalism and of Democracy it des not necessarily follow that the twentieth century must also be a century of Socialism Liberalism and democracy political doctrines pass but humanity remains and it may rather be expected that this will be a century of authoritya century of Facism1 On October 29 1922 Mussolini and some 50000 blackshirts marched on Rome but rather than this being a violent event to try to bring him into power as originally planned it was a march of victory Just before the march was to take place the government had drawn up a decree for the King Victor Emmanuel to sign which would decree martial law For fear of this causing a civil war he refused and asked Mussolini to form the cabinet and become himself Prime Minister Though this began what would later become his Dictatorship in a Totalitarian state we need to look still further back to see how these events came to be and why and how Fascism took its hold in Italian Politics Some say that one could go as far back as 1870 to look at Italys economic and social structure to understand which elements under certain circumstances favoured the fascist movement and brought it to power Instead I am going to look at Italys position from the Libyan War onwards to see just how Mussolini and fascism were able to take root in Italian politics Although Italy had always been interested in North Africa when Britain and France began to take interest in North African shipping lines Italy became alarmed at losing what was a generally recognised right of pre - emption over Libya Also from the nationalists point of view they did not like the prospect of another humiliation such as their loss of Tunis in 1881 Therefore Italy invaded Libya in September 1911 and in just over a year the Turkish
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