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Aquinas Five Ways St Thomas Aquinas wrote five different ways or arguments as to why a God exists and gave the reasons to believe in him Studying the works of Aristotle Aquinas concluded from common observation that an object that is in motion such as a rolling stone or the planets cannot be put into motion by itself Therefore it is put in motion by some other object or force From this Aquinas believes that ultimately there must have been an unmoved mover GOD who first put things in motion His second deals with the issue of existence Aquinas concluded that common sense observation tells us that no object creates itself everything must be created In other words some previous object had to create it There cannot be an endless string of objects causing other objects to exist Therefore Aquinas believed that ultimately there must have been an uncaused first cause GOD who began the chain of existence for all things Aquinas third way defines two types of objects in the universe contingent beings and necessary beings A contingent being is an object that cannot exist without a necessary being causing its existence Aquinas believed that the existence of contingent beings would ultimately neccesitate a being that must exist for all of the contingent beings to exist This being called a necessary being is what we call God The forth argument is from a very interesting observation about the qualities of things For example one may say that of two buildings one is more beautiful than the other So for these two objects one has a greater degree of beauty than the next This is referred to as a degree of quality From this Aquinas concluded that for any given quality there must be a perfect standard by which all such qualities are measured This perfect standard is God The final way that Aquinas speaks of has to do with the observable universe
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