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London Jack London was admired by many and thought only to live his life to the fullest by whatever means necessary He was born in San Francisco in 1876 He was deserted by his father Professor William Henry Chaney an itinerant astrologer and raised in Oakland by his mother Flora Wellman a music teacher and spiritualist Londons stepfather John London whose surname he took was a failed storekeeper As a boy poverty struck the London family At the age of ten he constantly read and borrowed books from the Oakland Public Library Jack left school at the age of 14 and began work as a seaman rode in freight trains and adopted socialistic views In 1894 he was arrested in Niagara Falls and jailed for vagrancy These years made him determined to raise himself out of poverty but they also gave later material for such works as The Sea-Wolf 1904 which was partly based on his horrific experiences as a sailor in the Pacific Ocean The Road 1907 a collection of short stories inspired later writers like John Steinbeck and Jack Kerouac London had required himself to write a thousand words a day and he did not give up even during his travels and drinking periods Londons first novel The Son of The Wolf appeared in 1900 In 1901 London started to produce steadily novels nonfiction and short stories becoming in his lifetime one of the most popular authors In 1902 London went to England where he studied the British living conditions in East End and working class areas of the capital city Originally he set out for South Africa to report the Boer War His book about the economic degradation of the poor The People of the Abyss 1903 was a surprise success in the US but criticized in England London produced this classic of investigative reporting in seven weeks By 1904 Jack London was the author of 10 books Son of the Wolf
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