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John Tyler was born in Charles City county Va on March 29 1790 A member of the tobacco-planting aristocracy of Tidewater Virginia he was the son of John Tyler governor of Virginia from 1808 to 1811 and Mary Armistead Bent on a political career he attended the College of William and Mary graduating in 1807 He then studied law and in 1809 was admitted to the bar Two years later at the age of 21 he was elected to the Virginia legislature Then began a career in state and national politics that lasted with little interruption until he left the presidencyAfter serving five years in the state legislature Tyler was a member of the U S HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 1817-1821 and later of the SENATE 1827-1836 He also served uneventfully as governor of Virginia 1825-1827 and as both rector and chancellor of the College of William and MaryFollowing the political tradition of Virginia Tyler was a strict constructionist who believed that federal powers should be limited to those enumerated in the CONSTITUTION Throughout his career he was an outspoken opponent of the Bank of the United States on the ground that Congress lacked power to charter it His first politically prominent act was to introduce a censure of Virginias U S senators who had deviated from their instructions by supporting and in the case of one voting for the recharter of the bank in 1811 On one occasion however political expediency led Tyler to side with the bank advocates against President Andrew JACKSON In 1836 when the Senate voted to expunge from its Journal the censure of Jackson for his removal of federal funds from the bank Tyler refused to vote for it as directed by the Virginia legislature Instead he resigned his seat thereby enhancing his reputation as one of President Jacksons most implacable foesRegarding other issues of the day Tyler objected with equal force to the distribution of public lands to homesteaders to
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