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Picasso Pablo Ruiz y 1881-1973 Spanish painter and sculptor is considered one of the greatest artist of the 20th century He was a inventor of forms innovator of styles and techniques a master of various media and one of the most prolific artists in history He created more than 20000 worksPicasso was Born in Mlaga on October 25 1881 he was the son of Jos Ruiz Blasco an art teacher and Mara Picasso y Lopez Until 1898 he always used his fathers name Ruiz and his mothers maiden name Picasso to sign his pictures After about 1901 he dropped Ruiz and used his mothers maiden name to sign his pictures At the age of 10 he made his first paintings and at 15 he performed brilliantly on the entrance examinations to Barcelonas School of Fine Arts His large academic canvas Science and Charity 1897 Picasso Museum Barcelona depicting a doctor a nun and a child at a sick womans bedside won a gold medalBetween 1900 and 1902 Picasso made three trips to Paris finally settling there in 1904 He found the citys bohemian street life fascinating and his pictures of people in dance halls and cafs show how he learned the postimpressionism of the French painter Paul Gauguin and the symbolist painters called the Nabis The themes of the French painters Edgar Degas and Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec as well as the style of the latter exerted the strongest influence Picassos Blue Room 1901 Phillips Collection Washington DC reflects the work of both these painters and at the same time shows his evolution toward the Blue Period so called because various shades of blue dominated his work for the next few years Expressing human misery the paintings portray blind figures beggars alcoholics and prostitutes their somewhat elongated bodies reminiscent of works by the Spanish artist El GrecoShortly after settling in Paris in a shabby building known as the Bateau-Lavoir laundry barge which it resembled Picasso met
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