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Word Count: 1,663
Plato is perhaps one of the figures whose name is identified with the field of philosophy itself Although some of his ideas have caused great controversy most philosophical authorities and popular opinion do agree that he is one of the best minds that Western civilization has ever been blessed with Following the footsteps of his teacher Socrates Plato has dedicated almost his entire life working hard in the field of philosophy He was born and raised in an Athenian aristocratic family and thus it can be assumed that he enjoyed good education from a very young age When his teacher was executed in 399 BCE Plato left Athens and spent most of his time travelling and pursuing knowledge When he returned to Athens he started what is considered the first European University the Academy McClelland 2003 pp 18-23 Though his writings on politics and system of governments were original and powerful there is no evidence that he had any political influence on any Athenian city or leader This essay is dedicated to discussing his most controversial stance on democracy It will present Platos arguments for despising democracy This paper will mainly discuss his first book on political philosophy The Republic It is arguably the most comprehensive on the subject and the richest philosophical literature ever written As we centre our discussion on Platos Republic it is important to note Although Platos Republic can be a rich and fascinating book when read out of context it is in fact closely related to the troubled political situation of Platos time It is in particular a reflection on the problems of democracy as experienced by Platos native city Dunkle 1986 Platos main argument against democracy is that too much freedom eventually leads to chaos and anarchy The results of that chaotic situation is that no one will be interested in ruling and consequently doors will be opened for tyrants to take over From the elite tyranny to mob
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